In this ESP32 project, I have explained how to make home automation using IoT with the new Blynk 2.0 ESP32, DHT11 sensor, and LDR. with real-time feedback. With this IoT-based project, you can control 8 home appliances with the manual switches, IR remote, and Blynk IoT app from anywhere in the world through the internet and monitor the real-time feedback in Blynk IoT App or Blynk cloud web dashboard. You can also control the appliances from manual switches and IR remote without Wi-Fi.
I have used all the FREE tools for this ESP32 home automation project using Blynk IoT.
So if you follow all the steps, you can easily make this Smart Home System with ESP32 and Blynk app.
Required Components for the ESP32 projects
- ESP32 DEV KIT V1
- 8-channel 5V SPDT Relay Module
- TSOP1838 IR receiver (with metallic casing)
- DHT11 sensor
- Switches or Push Buttons
- Any IR Remote
Circuit of the ESP32 Home Automation using IoT
The circuit is very simple, I have used D23, D22, D21, D19, D18, D5, D25 & D26 GPIO to control the 8-channel relay module.
And the GPIO D13, D12, D14, D27, D33, D32, D15 & D4 are connected with switches to control the relay module manually.
The output pin of the IR receiver is connected with GPIO D35.
And the output pin of the DHT11 sensor is connected with the RX2 (GPIO16) pin, and the LDR is connected with GPIO D34 of the ESP32.
I have used the INPUT_PULLUP function in Arduino IDE instead of using the pull-up resistors with each switch.
As per the source code, when the control pins of the relay module receive the LOW signal the relay will turn on and the relay will turn off for the HIGH signal in the control pin.
I have used a 5V 5Amp mobile charger to supply the circuit.
Tutorial video on ESP32 Blynk IoT Home Automation project
In the tutorial video, I have covered the following topics in detail.
- Create an account at Blynk IoT Cloud.
- Create a template for ESP32 in Blynk IoT Cloud.
- Set up Blynk Cloud Web Dashboard.
- Install and set up Blynk IoT App in mobile.
- Program the ESP32 with Arduino IDE
- Update the Wi-Fi credentials to ESP32 through OTA.
- Control relays with Blynk IoT app, IR Remote and switches.
Control relays with the New Blynk IoT, IR Remote & Switch
You can control appliances with the New Blynk IoT app from anywhere in the world through the internet.
If the ESP32 is connected with WiFi, then you can also monitor the real-time feedback and room temperature in the Blynk IoT app.
You can use any IR remote to control the appliances.
First, get the HEX codes of unused IR Remote buttons, then update the HEX codes in the code.
If the Wi-Fi is not connected, still you can control relays with the IR remote.
You can also control the appliances from manual switches.
If the ESP32 is connected with Wi-Fi then it will send real-time feedback to the Blynk IoT server.
Blynk IoT Cloud setup for ESP32
Please refer to the following article for the Blynk IoT Cloud account setup.
Program ESP32 with Arduino IDE
In the Tutorial video, I have explained all the steps to program the ESP32 using Arduino IDE.
- Update the Preferences –> Aditional boards Manager URLs: https://dl.espressif.com/dl/package_esp32_index.json, http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json
- Then install the ESP32 board from the Board manager or Click Here to download the ESP32 board.
- Install all the required libraries in Arduino IDE:
You can also install the libraries from following path in Arduino IDE:
Sketch -> Include Libraries -> Manage Libraries.
When you try to install the Blynk library, it may ask you to install all the dependencies. Then Click on Install All.
Code for Blynk IoT Cloud ESP32 home automation
Click on the following buttons to download the source codes for this ESP32 project.
First, you have to upload the Code for Getting HEX codes to ESP32 and connect the IR receiver with GPIO D35.
After that, open the serial monitor, select the Baud Rate at 9600.
Now, you have to press all the remote buttons (one by one) which you want to use to control the relays.
Now, save all the HEX codes. You have to update the main code with these HEX codes. You need 8 HEX codes to control 8 relays.
Modify the main code for this IoT based project
After downloading the code, you will get total 9 files. ( 1 .ino & 8 .h files). You have to keep all these files in the same folder.
Then open the .ino file in Arduino IDE, select the DOIT ESP32 DEVKIT V1 board then compile the code. If you have downloaded all the required libraries then you should not get any error.
In code, you have to update only the BLYNK_TEMPLATE_ID & BLYNK_DEVICE_NAME as shown in the video. You don’t have to enter the W-Fi credentials in the code.
Open the BlynkEdgent.h file, then update the HEX codes in the ir_remote() function.
Copy paste the HEX code after 0x [Ex: 0x[your HEX code]].
After doing these changes, go to Tools and select the board as “DOIT ESP32 DEVKIT V1” and the proper PORT in Arduino IDE.
Then click on the upload button to program the ESP32 board.
In the tutorial video, I have explained, how to update Wi-Fi credentials from Blynk IoT app.
PCB for this ESP32 Home Automation system
To make the circuit compact, I have designed a PCB for this ESP32 project.
If you want, you can also use this PCB to make the circuit compact and give the project a professional look. This PCB can be used for any ESP32 Home Automation project.
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Connect Home Appliances with Relay Module
Connect the home appliances with the relay module as per the circuit diagram.
Now, turn on the 5V DC supply and 110V/220V AC supply.
Our ESP32 Blynk Home Automation system is now ready
Now you can control the appliances from your smarphone, IR remote and manual switches.
Please share your feedback on this ESP32 home automation system.
Click Here for more such ESP32 projects.
Please do share your feedback on this IoT project. Thank you for your time.